Is Competition Ever Appropriate in a Cooperative Classroom?

COOPERATIVE LEARNING MAGAZINE 1993 – vol. 13, no. 3 Is Competition Ever Appropriate in a Cooperative Classroom? By Alfie Kohn Of the numerous benefits of cooperative learning (CL), the one that first appealed to many of us was its status as an alternative to competition.  Some combination of observation, personal experience, and research has made it painfully clear that setting ... Read More

No Contest

INC. Magazine November 1987 No Contest By Alfie Kohn [This is a slightly expanded version of the original article.]  Long before anyone was talking about team-building or Theory Z -- less than a decade after World War II, in fact – a sociologist named Peter Blau compared two groups of interviewers at a public employment agency. Those in the first ... Read More