No Contest

INC. Magazine November 1987 No Contest By Alfie Kohn [This is a slightly expanded version of the original article.]  Long before anyone was talking about team-building or Theory Z -- less than a decade after World War II, in fact – a sociologist named Peter Blau compared two groups of interviewers at a public employment agency. Those in the first ... Read More

The Case Against Competition

WORKING MOTHER September 1987 The Case Against Competition By Alfie Kohn When it comes to competition, we Americans typically recognize only two legitimate positions: enthusiastic support and qualified support. The first view holds that the more we immerse our children (and ourselves) in rivalry, the better. Competition builds character and produces excellence. The second stance admits that our society has ... Read More